Split (Italian Spalato, Latin Spalatum, Greek Aspalathos) is the largest and most important city in Dalmatia, the administrative center of Croatia's Split-Dalmatia County. It is situated on a small peninsula on the eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea. The majority of its citizens are Croats 95.15% (2001 census).
Split is situated on a peninsula between the eastern part of the Gulf of Kastela and the Split Channel. A hill, Marjan (178 m), rises in the western part of the peninsula. The ridges Kozjak (780 m) and Mosor (1,330 m)
subtropical flora (palm-trees, agaves, cacti) grow in the city and its surroundings. Marjan is covered with a cultivated forest.
Split is also known as one of the centres of Croatian culture.
Its literary tradition can be traced to medieval times, and includes nameslike Marko Marulic, while in more modern times Split excelled by authors famous for their sense of humour. Among them the most notable is Miljenko Smoje. Split also houses two important archeological museums - one dedicated to antiquity, another to the early medieval period.
Split's most famous resident is the former tennis star Goran Ivaniševic. Another successful tennis star is Mario Ancic ("Super Mario"), also from Split. The local football team is Hajduk Split. Basketball is also popular. The basketball club KK Split (Jugoplastika) is keeping the absolute record of winning Euroleague three consecutive times (1989-1991) with notable
Mediterranean Games in 1979 and the European Athletics Championships in 1990. Picigin is a local sport played on several of the city beaches (Bacvice, etc.) imported from northern parts of Adriatic coast. It is played in shallow water with a small ball. There is a tradition of playing picigin in Split on New Year's Day, regardless of the weather conditions, even though the sea temperature rarely exceeds 10 degrees Celsius. Football stadium is Poljud, with 35,000 capacity (55000 before renovating to an all-seater). A new project for a handball arena (12,500 capacity) has been started.
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protect the city from the north and northeast, and separate it from the hinterland. Split has a Mediterranean climate hot, dry summers (maximum air temperature in July reaches 36°C) and warm, wet winters (average annual rainfall is 900 mm). Split is one of the sunniest places in Europe. Vegetation is of the evergreen Mediterranean type, and
players like Toni Kukoc and Dino Rada, both of whom are Split natives. Members of the local rowing club Gusar won numerous Olympic and world championship medals. Other popular sports are: swimming, handball and sailing. Also few famous swimmers, Ante Maškovic, Vanja Rogulj etc. The biggest sports events to be held in Split were the