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Croatian Geografy

Area:

continent: 56,542 km˛









land: 56,414 km˛
water: 128 km˛

sea: 33,200 km˛
grand total: 89,742 km˛

Croatian Land boundaries:

total: 2,197 km
border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Slovenia 670 km,
Hungary 329 km, Serbia 241 km, Montenegro 25 km.

Croatian oastline:
5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)









Climate:

Mediterranean and continental; continental climate
predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters,
dry summers along coast.

Terrain:
geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian
border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline
and islands.

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Dinara 1,830 m

Croatian Natural resources: Petroleum, some coal, bauxite,
low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica,
mica, clays, salt, hydropower.

Land use:
arable land: 23.55%
permanent crops: 2.24%
other: 74.21% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land: 30 km˛ (1998 est.)

Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes.

Environment - current issues:
air pollution
(from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is
damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic
waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure
consequent to 1992-95 civil strife.

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity,
Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous
Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
Layer Protection, Ship Pollution (MARPOL 73/78), Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic
Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol.

Croatian geography - note: controls most land routes from Western
Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits.


Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation territorial sea: 12 nm
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